What is a digital signature? How to Create Digital Signature

Digital Signature – The method of a signature on the paper is proof of this. Everything written on this page is within our knowledge. Or do we agree with it, or not? Similarly, a digital signature is a signature made by electronic means.

Which shows our consent. It is a digital signature created with different technology. The information necessary to use it, such as the password, is available only to that person. Whose digital signature is this? Someone else who doesn’t know that password. He cannot digitally sign you.

For example, just as we need our ID and password to log into our Gmail or Facebook account, this ID and password is also a type of digital signature. But only Gmail or Facebook accept it. and provide recognition.

Another example is whenever we create an account on a website or app. So he sends us the OTP (one-time password). Which is only valid for some time. And can only be used once, this is also an example of a digital signature.

What is a digital signature?

A digital signature is a secret number or code generated by combining your Aadhaar number, PAN card number, and the data of the digital signature service provider with the help of mathematics and computer algorithms. Which only you know.

Whenever you need to sign digitally. So you can do your digital signature with the help of this secret number or code. And because no other person or group of people is aware of that secret code or number. So no one can copy your digital signature.

How does Digital Signature work?

A digital signature is completely different and unique for each user. It works on a special computer algorithm. This is called PKI (Public Infrastructure). Digital signature A facilitating organization generates two or more codes using the same computer algorithm. That is called the key. One of these two codes is the public key. and is a private or private key.

The public key of this is public. And the private or private key is secret. Which only the user knows. Whenever a user does a digital signature anywhere. So he uses that private key.

Types of Digital Signature

There are three types of digital signatures.

First class 1 digital signature

Under this, the identity or authenticity of the person signing the digital signature is done with the help of his/her email account.

Second class 2 digital signature

Under this, the organization providing the digital signature facility ensures that The report or document you are submitting is correct. And you approve of it. And it will be your responsibility to find it wrong. It can be used by any common man or any business company.

3rd Class 3 Digital Signature

This category of digital signature is considered the most secure and reliable. Because this category of digital signature is issued directly by the digital signature provider organization. And to get it, the user has to personally appear before the organization providing the digital signature facility. The institution will not provide this facility to you without appearing in person. And you won’t be able to benefit from it.

Among the above three digital signature features, the Class 1 digital signature is considered the lightest and weakest digital signature in terms of security and privacy. Class 3 digital signature facility is considered to be the best in terms of security and privacy as well as very robust and powerful.

Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)

It is a digital certificate created and delivered through a digital medium. which is issued by the organization providing the digital signature service to the users. This certificate contains the user’s name, email address, residential address, pin code, country, state, when the certificate was issued by whom, and its duration. All this information is included in it.

Importance of digital signature

In today’s environment where everything is becoming digital. And paperwork is emphasized from home. In this situation, the importance of a digital signature increases even more. Today, be it tendering for government works or buying a house, filing income tax returns, or registering a company, all tasks are going digital. And are being filled online with the help of the internet.

In such a situation, the use of digital signatures continues with a loud noise. Document verification work for any work, online form filling work, online GST. Filling and many other tasks can be done very easily at home or your workplace with the help of a digital signature.

Digital Signature Certificate Validation

As per Information Technology Act 2000, a digital signature is valid throughout India. And they can only be issued by officers or organizations licensed by the Ministry of Information and Technology. This digital signature certificate also has an issue date and an expiration date. which is printed on this digital signature certificate.

Where is Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) required?

You may need a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) at the following locations:

  • To file an income tax return.
  • E Filing of Company Inc.
  • For e-verification by Chartered Accountants, Company Secretaries, and Cost Accountants.
  • To file official tender.
  • To file trademark and copyright applications.
  • To e-sign contracts and agreements.

How to Create a Digital Signature

To do a digital signature, initially, you need a digital certificate. Keep in mind that digital signatures are provided entirely by the certificate authority. Known as ca. which is recognized and licensed by the Government under Section 24 of the Information Technology Act to issue digital signatures. After creating a CA digital certificate, digitally signing it gives you your signature.

The amount of fee charged for providing the services of a digital signature facilitation organization may vary from organization to organization. The digital signature issued by it is valid for one year or two years. It usually takes a week to get a digital signature certificate from these institutions.

Advantages of Digital Signature

Any paper or document being presented with a digital signature. Its authenticity can be tested. It is right or wrong.

This is a special feature of the digital signature. That once you have affixed your digital signature to any document or documents, the document cannot be altered thereafter. Nor can any kind of misbehavior be done with him. If that happens. So the digital signature will not be valid. And the system will not accept it. Duplication of documents can be avoided due to this feature.

Only the user knows the private key for the digital signature. Hence, the user cannot repudiate any document digitally signed by him in the future.

Digital signature fee

Generally, the Class 2 Individual Digital Signature fee is Rs.899 (valid for one year), similarly, the Class 3 Individual Digital Signature fee is Rs.1,999 (valid for one year) and the DGFT/DSC Digital Signature fee is one year. 2,499 for Rs.

Friends, this article has given you all the information related to a digital signature. This way you can protect yourself from any fraud etc. by keeping your documents safe. Let us know if you have any other questions or suggestions related to a digital signature. So you can ask us by messaging us in the comment box below. And if you like this information. So you can help by sharing it with any of your friends or needy.

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