What is Microphone (Mic) Type and Function

What is a microphone: You all must have seen the microphone, also known as the mic. But many of you may not know this. What is the type of microphone? How does a microphone work? And what are the pros and the microphones?

In the article What is the microphone? Will give complete information about the microphone and share with you much information related to the microphone, after reading this you will understand well about the microphone.

In today’s period Computer And the age of digital resources, the microphone is very important in today’s age. With the help of the Internet and various applications, you can make video calls, call people far away, any function, and share your voice in noisy places.

People know it as a voice input device. So without taking much of our time let’s first get to know this important article of today- What is the microphone?

What is a microphone?

microphone (mic) A computer Input device (input device) with which you can convert sound into digital form. Through the microphone, we can make sounds on the computer and through it we can also type in the computer.

A microphone is often known as a mic. To connect the microphone to the computer Sound card is used.

Microphones are used for speeches, live performances, and weddings. We can define a microphone as –

Definition of microphone

A microphone is an input device that converts sound waves into electrical signals and analog signals. A microphone is used in weddings and speeches. Which causes noise pollution.

Inventor of the microphone

Emile Berliner, along with Thomas Edison, invented the microphone in 1876.

How Microphones Work

The microphone (mic) has to be connected to the computer first. To connect a microphone to a computer, your computer must have a sound card and its driver installed. If your computer doesn’t have a sound card, you can.

After connecting the microphone to the computer, our voice produces sound waves when we speak into the microphone. Inside it is a diaphragm, when sound waves hit the diaphragm it vibrates, causing the coil to move.

Attached to it is a magnet, when the coil passes through the magnetic field, an electric current starts flowing in the coil. one Amplifier Also connected to the coil, this amplifier amplifies the power coming from the coil. With the help of this amplifier, the sound can be sent anywhere, like a computer.

Types of Microphones

microphone (mic) Here are the following types.

  • Condenser microphone
  • Kinetic microphone
  • Ribbon microphone
  • Carbon microphone
  • Piezoelectric microphone
  • Fiber optic microphone
  • Laser microphone
  • Liquid microphone

All types of microphones are divided into three categories.

Dynamic microphone

Dynamic microphone Also called Moving Coil Microphone, this is the most commonly used. It consists of a magnet, diaphragm, and coil. In this, the diaphragm is connected to the coil and a permanent magnet is used. The diaphragm is a non-magnetic material.

When sound waves fall on the diaphragm, it vibrates, that is, it vibrates, causing the coil to vibrate out of the magnetic field.

Now the vibration of the coil causes electricity to flow which converts the sound waves into electronic waves. These types of microphones are used to handle high volumes.

They do not require any external electrical power to operate. They are cheap and durable. You must have seen this type of microphone in a live performance.

Condenser microphone

Condenser microphones are very sensitive mics used for tasks such as voice recording. Most of them are used in the studio. Singers use this type of microphone. It requires a battery.

It consists of a front plate and a parallel back plate called the diaphragm. When sound waves hit the diaphragm, these two plates convert the sound waves into electrical waves.

These types of microphones are very sensitive and hence have background noise. Their recording quality is very good.

Ribbon microphone

Ribbon microphone There are high-quality microphones used for piano, horn, and guitar. It uses a thin ribbon of aluminum that is used to generate a magnetic field.

When sound waves hit this ribbon, the ribbon vibrates, because this ribbon is very thin, so the sound starts moving very quickly.

A transformer was needed to step up the voltage, but today’s microphones use magnetic poles.

Advantages of Microphones

Microphones have many advantages, some of which are mentioned below.

  • Sound waves can be converted in real-time.
  • Microphones are cheap.
  • Most microphones can withstand loud sound levels.
  • Most microphones do not require a power supply.

Loss of microphone

Microphones have advantages as well as disadvantages.

  • More memory is required to store the sound file.
  • The sound quality of the microphone is not that great.
  • Some microphones are so sensitive, that they also pick up the background noise.

FAQ for Microphone

Which device is a microphone?

A microphone is an input device of a computer.

What is the function of a microphone?

A microphone converts sound waves into electrical waves.

What is the microphone?

A microphone is a computer input device that converts sound (sound waves) into electrical and analog signals. A microphone is used in weddings and speeches. Which causes noise pollution.

Who invented the microphone?

The microphone was invented by Emile Berliner in 1876.

Conclusion: What is a Microphone?

So friends, in this article we have learned that. What is a microphone? And why the microphone is important as well as we have told you about the pros and cons of the microphone.

After reading this article, you must have understood this. How does a microphone work? And with that, you must have learned a lot about microphones.

I hope you liked this article written by us. Also, share this article with your friends so that they can also learn about microphones.

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